IELTS Writing Practice

Ruijun Gao @ May 14, 2022

C16T1W1

Question

C16T1W1

Answer

The first line chart compares the percentages of households with three categories of electrical appliances, including washing machines, refrigerators and vacuum cleaners during the century-long period, and the second chart illustrates the number of hours spent on housework over the same period.

It is clear that percentages of households with each category of appliances rise over the shown period, and the average time that households spent doing housework per week saw a consecutive decrease in the meantime.

In 1920, the percentages of the ownership of washing machines and vacuum cleaners were 30% and 40% respectively, but the figure for refrigerators was negligible. At the same time, each household spent 50 hours per week washing clothes, preparing meals and cleaning on average.

Despite being the most popular electrical appliance at the beginning of the shown period, washing machines saw a mild rise of a mere 30% over the first 60-year period and remained relatively stable after that. However, the percentage of households with refrigerators rose dramatically from a negligible number to a full 100% between 1920 and 1980, while vacuum cleaners had achieved the same level of ownership by 2000. Along with the increasing trends of the ownership of various electrical appliances, the average time that a household spent on housework fell to only approximately 10 hours per week in 2019.

C16T2W1

Question

C16T2W1

Answer

The diagram illustrates how sugar is made from sugar cane through a complicated process.

We can see that the manufacturing process consists of seven steps, which begins with growing sugar canes and involves a variety of specialized machines, such as crushers, limestone filters, evaporators, etc., to complete the entire production.

At the first stage in the production of sugar, sugar canes grow for 12 to 18 months. Next, the mature sugar canes are harvested by hand or by automatic harvesters, and then the collected sugar canes are mechanically crushed to make sugar juice. Subsequently, the resulting juice needs to be purified using a limestone filter.

In the next step, the purified juice is heated and turned into syrup by passing it through an evaporator. At the penultimate stage of manufacturing, sugar crystals are separated from the evaporated sugar cane syrup by a centrifuge. Finally, the end product, sugar, is made by drying and cooling the separated sugar crystals.

C15T2W1

Question

The graph below shows the number of tourists visiting a particular Caribbean island between 2010 and 2017.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

C15T2W1

Answer

The line graph illustrates the total number of visitors to a Caribbean island, as well as the figure for staying on cruise ships and on an island, over a period of 8 years.

It is clear that the total number of tourists visiting the Caribbean island saw a relatively consistent increase between 2010 and 2017, and the number of visitors who stayed on cruisers and on the island saw a similar rise meanwhile. In the last two years, the former overtook the latter, despite being smaller between 2010 and 2015.

In 2010, 1 million visitors chose the Caribbean island as their tourist destination, among which tourists staying on the island were three times more than those on cruise ships. Then, this figure grew by 2.5 million over the shown period, with the exception of stagnation between 2015 and 2016. However, in 2017, the total tourist number saw an unprecedented jump of 0.75 million.

Between 2010 and 2013, 750,000 more visitors chose to stay on the island, but this upward trend had ceased since then. By contrast, the number of visitors staying on cruisers remained relatively steady during the first 4 years, but in the years 2016 and 2017, climbed to six and eight times the very earliest figure respectively, which was larger than the figure for staying on cruisers.